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Full text of "The Cambridge Natural History"

INDIAN  RHINOCEROS

255

is the sloping backwards instead of forward of the occipital crest
in all two-horned species, whether African or Asiatic.

The Asiatic Hhinoceroses have, what the African animals
have not, functional incisor teeth throughout life. It has been
proposed on these and other grounds to separate generieally the
African and Asiatic forms.

The Asiatic Rhinoceroses include three well-differentiated
species, in all of which the skin is much thrown into folds,
Hh. indicus is the largest form. It is one horned, and has
snormous folds of skin at the neck and hanging over the limbs*

130.  Indian RMnoceros.     Rhinoceros indicus.

3o like artificial armour is this thick plating, that Albrecht Durer
may be excused for having given the beast the appearance of
being actually mail-plated in a sketch which he made of a speci-
men sent over to the King of Portugal in 1513. This particular
beast, one of if not the first sent over to Europe, proved so in-
tractable in disposition that the king sent it as a present to the
Pope. But " in an access of fury it sunk the vessel on its
passage " I The horn of this and of other species was held until
almost our times to have medicinal and other more curious values.
So recently as 1763 it was gravely asserted that a cup made of
its horn would fall to pieces it poison were poured into it.
"When wine is poured therein," wrote I>r. Brookes in the year
referred to, "it will rise, ferment, and seem to boO; but when